About Dyslexia

What is dyslexia? A language-based disability, dyslexia is the technical term for when the brain processes language in an untraditional manner. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulty with word recognition, spelling, and decoding. Without enhanced instruction, dyslexia often results in reduced reading comprehension and vocabulary growth.

According to recent studies, one in five children struggles with dyslexia. Many of these children are not identified and even fewer receive the proper instruction needed to overcome their symptoms.

Children with dyslexia are often falsely labeled as lazy or stupid. In reality, they are often very bright, but their struggles with dyslexia impede their comprehension of the material and leave them feeling frustrated and inadequate. With enhanced instruction, children can overcome their dyslexic struggles and become very successful individuals.

How to Mix Oil and Water So that Nearly Everyone Learns to Read | Tim Conway, PhD at TEDxOcala

1 in 5 people struggle with poor reading skills. The integration of neuropsychology, medical research, educational methods, and an understanding of the genetics and neurobiology of poor reading skills provides a fascinating understanding of how a highly effective approach really can teach everyone to read.

Professionally, Tim is a neuropsychologist who spent decades of his career dedicated to understanding the brain and its functions. Specifically, he’s an international expert in the field of dyslexia – assessment, research and treatment. Currently, Tim runs two companies and a nonprofit school – all 3 are focused on state of the art services for children and adults with dyslexia. Uniquely, Tim conducted 12 years of stroke rehab research and it provided novel views on helping those with dyslexia.

Symptoms of Dyslexia

Dyslexia can vary in severity and symptoms may look different from child to child. Dyslexia can be diagnosed as early as kindergarten through warning signs such as speech delay. However, children with dyslexia are identified more often in grade school when schoolwork becomes more demanding and their trouble processing language becomes more apparent.

Children with dyslexia may have trouble with some of the following tasks:

  • recognizing letters, matching letters to sounds, and blending sounds into speech
  • pronouncing or using the right words
  • learning the alphabet, numbers, and new vocabulary words
  • mastering the rules of spelling
  • handwriting or gripping a pencil
  • reversing similarly shaped letters or moving letters around within a word
  • following a sequence of directions
  • word problems in math
  • rhyming

Skills Affected by Dyslexia

Dyslexia can affect more than your child’s reading and writing.

Social Skills
Children with dyslexia can have a difficult time understanding jokes or sarcasm. In addition, their struggles in school often leave them with a low self-esteem. These challenges may cause children with dyslexia to avoid group activities or to stop making new friends which are essential activities for developing social skills.

Listening Comprehension
While children with dyslexia tend to be better listeners than readers, they can have a difficult time filtering our background noise. Auditory distractions can make it difficult for children with dyslexia to follow what is being said.

Children with dyslexia can take so long to read one sentence that they may not remember the sentence that came before it. This challenge can make it difficult to understand the meaning of text.

Children with dyslexia may struggle with spatial concepts such as left and right. This challenge can make it difficult for dyslexic children to find their way in unfamiliar places.

Time Management
Dyslexia can make it difficult to tell time or to stick to a schedule. These skills are essential for time management and children with dyslexia can struggle to meet society’s expectations on timing.